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***The Best Presidential Biographies***

Ratings are on a scale of 0 to 5 stars, with equal weight given to my subjective assessment of: (1) how enjoyable the biography was to read and (2) the biography’s historical value (including its comprehensive coverage and critical analysis of its subject).

Blue titles indicate Pulitzer Prize WINNERS.  Blue italicized titles indicate Pulitzer Prize finalists.

This list was most recently updated May 15, 2018.  If I’m missing a great presidential biography that you’ve read, please let me know!

George Washington:
Washington: A Life (2010) by Ron Chernow REVIEW (5 stars)
Washington: The Indispensable Man (1974) by James Flexner REVIEW (4 stars)
His Excellency: George Washington (2004) by Joseph Ellis REVIEW (4 stars)
The Ascent of George Washington (2009) by John Ferling REVIEW (3 stars)
Patriarch: George Washington and the New American Nation (1993) by Richard Norton Smith REVIEW (3 stars)
James Flexner’s four-volume series:
George Washington: The Forge of Experience 1732-1775 (1965) REVIEW (3¾ stars)
George Washington in the American Revolution 1775-1783 (1967) REVIEW (4½ stars)
George Washington and the New Nation 1783-1793 (1970) REVIEW (4½ stars)
George Washington: Anguish and Farewell 1793-1799 (1972) REVIEW (4½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of George Washington ***
Follow-Up:
Washington by Douglas Southall Freeman (Richard Harwell’s 1968 abridgment of Pulitzer Prize-winning 7-volume series)
George Washington: A Biography by Washington Irving (Charles Neider’s 1976 abridgment of 5-volume series)
John Adams:
John Adams: A Life (1992) by John Ferling REVIEW (4¾ stars)
John Adams (2001) by David McCullough REVIEW (4½ stars)
John Adams (1735-1826) (2 volumes) (1962) by Page Smith REVIEW (4½ stars)
First Family: Abigail and John Adams (2010) by Joseph Ellis REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Adams vs. Jefferson: The Tumultuous Election of 1800 (2004) by John Ferling REVIEW (4 stars)
Passionate Sage: The Character and Legacy of John Adams (1993) by Joseph Ellis REVIEW (3¾ stars)
John Adams: Party of One (2005) by James Grant REVIEW (3¾ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of John Adams ***
Follow-Up:
Friends Divided: John Adams and Thomas Jefferson (2017) by Gordon Wood
Thomas Jefferson:
Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power (2012) by Jon Meacham REVIEW (4½ stars)
American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson (1996) by Joseph Ellis REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Twilight at Monticello: The Final Years of Thomas Jefferson (2008) by Alan Pell Crawford REVIEW (4 stars)
Thomas Jefferson & The New Nation (1970) by Merrill Peterson REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Dumas Malone’s six-volume series:
Jefferson the Virginian (Vol 1) (1948) REVIEW (3½ stars)
Jefferson and the Rights of Man (Vol 2) (1951) REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Jefferson and the Ordeal of Liberty (Vol 3) (1962) REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Jefferson the President: 1st Term (Vol 4) (1970) REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Jefferson the President: 2nd Term (Vol 5) (1974) REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Jefferson and His Time; The Sage of Monticello (Vol 6) (1977) REVIEW (4 stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Thomas Jefferson ***
Follow-Up:
Thomas Jefferson (2004) by R. B. Bernstein
Thomas Jefferson: A Life (1993) by Willard Sterne Randall
Jefferson: Architect of American Liberty (2017) by John Boles
James Madison:
James Madison (2011) by Richard Brookhiser REVIEW (4 stars)
Madison and Jefferson (2010) by Andrew Burstein REVIEW (4 stars)
James Madison: A Biography (1971) by Ralph Ketcham REVIEW (3¾ stars)
James Madison and the Making of America (2012) by Kevin Gutzman REVIEW (3½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of James Madison ***
Follow-Up:
James Madison (author’s 1970 abridgment of his 6-volume series) by Irving Brant
Becoming Madison: The Extraordinary Origins of the Least Likely Founding Father (2015) by Michael Signer
James Madison: A Life Reconsidered (2014) by Lynne Cheney
The Three Lives of James Madison: Genius, Partian, President (2017) by Noah Feldman
James Monroe:
James Monroe: The Quest for National Identity (1971) by Harry Ammon REVIEW (3¾ stars)
The Last Founding Father: James Monroe (2009) by Harlow Unger REVIEW (3¾ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of James Monroe ***
John Quincy Adams:
John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, A Private Life (1997) by Paul Nagel REVIEW (4 stars)
Mr. Adams’s Last Crusade (2008) by Joseph Wheelan REVIEW (4 stars)
John Quincy Adams: A Personal History of an Independent Man (1972) by Marie Hecht REVIEW (3¾ stars)
John Quincy Adams (2012) by Harlow Unger REVIEW (3¾ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of John Quincy Adams ***
Follow-Up:
Life and Public Services of John Quincy Adams (1849) by William H Seward
The Life and Times of Congressman John Quincy Adams (1986) by Leonard L. Richards
John Quincy Adams (1949/1956) by Samuel Flagg Bemis (2 volumes)
John Quincy Adams: American Visionary (2014) by Fred Kaplan
John Quincy Adams: Militant Spirit (2016) by James Traub
The Lost Founding Father: John Quincy Adams and the Transformation of American Politics (2017) by William Cooper
Andrew Jackson:
The Life of Andrew Jackson (1988) by Robert Remini REVIEW (4 stars)
The Life of Andrew Jackson (1938) by Marquis James REVIEW (3¾ stars)
American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the White House (2008) by Jon Meacham REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Andrew Jackson: His Life and Times (2005) by H.W. Brands REVIEW (3½ stars)
The Age of Jackson (1945) by Arthur Schlesinger REVIEW (3 stars)
Robert Remini’s three-volume series:
Andrew Jackson: The Course of American Empire (Vol I) (1977) REVIEW (4½ stars)
Andrew Jackson: The Course of American Freedom (Vol II) (1981) REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Andrew Jackson: The Course of American Democracy (Vol III) (1984) REVIEW (4 stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Andrew Jackson ***
Martin Van Buren:
Martin Van Buren and the American Political System (1984) by Donald Cole REVIEW (3½ stars)
Martin Van Buren: The Romantic Age of American Politics (1983) by John Niven REVIEW (2¾ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Martin Van Buren ***
William Henry Harrison:
Mr. Jefferson’s Hammer: William Henry Harrison (2007) by Robert Owens REVIEW (4 stars)
Old Tippecanoe: William Henry Harrison and His Time (1939) by Freeman Cleaves REVIEW (3 stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of William Henry Harrison ***
John Tyler:
John Tyler (2008) by Gary May REVIEW (4 stars)
John Tyler: Champion of the Old South (1939) by Oliver Chitwood REVIEW (3¾ stars)
John Tyler: The Accidental President (2006) by Edward Crapol REVIEW (3½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of John Tyler ***
Follow-Up:
And Tyler Too: A Biography of John and Julia Gardiner Tyler (1963) by Robert Seager
James Polk:
Polk: The Man Who Transformed the Presidency and America (2008) by Walter Borneman REVIEW (4 stars)
A Country of Vast Designs: James K. Polk (2009) by Robert Merry REVIEW (3¾ stars)
James K. Polk and the Expansionist Impulse (1996) by Sam Haynes REVIEW (3½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of James Polk ***
Follow-Up:
James K. Polk: A Political Biography (2 volumes) (1922) by Eugene McCormac
Zachary Taylor:
Zachary Taylor (2008) by John S. D. Eisenhower REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Zachary Taylor: Soldier, Planter, Statesman of the Old Southwest (1985) by Jack Bauer REVIEW (3 stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Zachary Taylor ***
Follow-Up:
Zachary Taylor: Soldier of the Republic (Vol 1) and Zachary Taylor: Soldier in the White House (Vol 2) (1951) by Holman Hamilton
Millard Fillmore:
Millard Fillmore: Biography of a President (1959) by Robert Rayback REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Millard Fillmore (2011) by Paul Finkelman REVIEW (2½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Millard Fillmore ***
Follow-Up:
Millard Fillmore (2001) by Robert J. Scarry
Franklin Pierce:
Franklin Pierce: New Hampshire’s Favorite Son (2004) by Peter Wallner REVIEW (4 stars)
Franklin Pierce (2010) by Michael Holt REVIEW (4 stars)
Franklin Pierce: Martyr for the Union (2007) by Peter Wallner REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Franklin Pierce: Young Hickory of the Granite Hills (1931) by Roy Nichols REVIEW (3½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Franklin Pierce ***
James Buchanan:
President James Buchanan: A Biography (1962) by Philip Klein REVIEW (4 stars)
James Buchanan (2004) by Jean Baker REVIEW (3½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of James Buchanan ***
Abraham Lincoln:
Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln (2005) by Doris Kearns Goodwin REVIEW (4½ stars)
Abraham Lincoln: A Life (2 vols) (2008) by Michael Burlingame REVIEW (4¼ stars)
A. Lincoln: A Biography (2009) by Ronald C. White Jr. REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Lincoln (1995) by David Herbert Donald REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Abraham Lincoln: A Biography (1952) by Benjamin Thomas REVIEW (4¼ stars)
With Malice Toward None (1977) by Stephen Oates REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President (1999) by Allen Guelzo REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Tried by War: Abraham Lincoln as Commander in Chief (2008) by James McPherson REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Abraham Lincoln (1916) by Lord Charnwood REVIEW (3½ stars)
Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years (2 Vols) (1926) by Carl Sandburg REVIEW (3½ stars)
Abraham Lincoln: The War Years (4 Vols) (1939) by Carl Sandburg REVIEW (3 stars)
The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery (2010) by Eric Foner REVIEW (not rated)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Abraham Lincoln ***
Follow-Up:
Abraham Lincoln: A History (10 volumes) (1890) by John Hay and John Nicolay
Herndon’s Life of Lincoln (1888) by William Herndon, edited by Paul Angle
Founders’ Son: A Life of Abraham Lincoln (2014) by Richard Brookhiser
Father Lincoln: The Untold Story of Abraham Lincoln and His Boys (2016) by Alan Manning
Sidney Blumenthal’s series: A Self-Made Man, The Political Life of Abraham Lincoln, 1808-1849 (Vol 1) (2016) and Wrestling With His Angel: The Political Life of Abraham Lincoln, 1849-1856 (Vol 2) (2017)
Andrew Johnson:
Impeached: The Trial of Andrew Johnson and the Fight for Lincoln’s Legacy (2009) by David Stewart REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Andrew Johnson: A Biography (1989) by Hans Trefousse REVIEW (3½ stars)
The Avenger Take His Place: Andrew Johnson and the 45 Days that Changed the Nation (2006) by Howard Means REVIEW (3½ stars)
Andrew Johnson and Reconstruction (1960) by Eric McKitrick REVIEW (3¼ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Andrew Johnson ***
Ulysses S. Grant:
Grant (2001) by Jean Edward Smith REVIEW (4½ stars)
The Man Who Saved the Union: Ulysses S. Grant In War and Peace (2012) by H.W. Brands REVIEW (4 stars)
Ulysses S. Grant: Soldier & President (1997) by Geoffrey Perret REVIEW (4 stars)
Ulysses S. Grant (2004) by Josiah Bunting REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Grant: A Biography (1981) by William McFeely REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Ulysses S. Grant: Triumph over Adversity 1822-1865 (2000) by Brooks Simpson REVIEW (3¾ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Ulysses S. Grant ***
Follow-Up:
“Lewis/Catton” series: Captain Sam Grant (1950) (Vol 1) by Lloyd Lewis, Grant Moves South (1960) by Bruce Catton, and Grant Takes Command (1969) by Bruce Catton
U.S. Grant: American Hero, American Myth (2009) by Joan Waugh
American Ulysses: A Life of Ulysses S. Grant (2016) by Ronald C. White, Jr.
The Presidency of Ulysses S. Grant (2017) by Charles Calhoun
Grant (2017) by Ron Chernow
Rutherford B. Hayes:
Rutherford B. Hayes: Warrior and President (1995) by Ari Hoogenboom REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Rutherford B. Hayes (2002) by Hans Trefousse REVIEW (3¼ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Rutherford B. Hayes ***
Follow-Up:
Rutherford B. Hayes: And His America (1954) by Harry Barnard
James Garfield:
Garfield: A Biography (1978) by Allan Peskin REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Dark Horse: the Surprise Election and Political Murder of President James A. Garfield (2003) by Kenneth Ackerman REVIEW (4 stars)
Destiny of the Republic: A Tale of Madness, Medicine and the Murder of a President (2011) by Candice Millard REVIEW (4 stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of James Garfield ***
Follow-Up:
The Garfield Orbit (1978) by Margaret Leech
Chester Arthur:
Gentleman Boss: The Life and Times of Chester Alan Arthur (1975) by Thomas Reeves REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Chester Alan Arthur (2004) by Zachary Karabell REVIEW (3¾ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Chester Arthur ***
Follow-Up:
The Unexpected President: The Life and Times of Chester A. Arthur (2017) by Scott Greenberger
Grover Cleveland:
Grover Cleveland: A Study in Character (2000) by Alyn Brodsky REVIEW (4 stars)
An Honest President: The Life & Presidencies of Grover Cleveland (2000) by H. Paul Jeffers REVIEW (3¾ stars)
The Presidencies of Grover Cleveland (1988) by Richard E. Welch, Jr. REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Grover Cleveland: A Study in Courage (1932) by Allan Nevins REVIEW (3½ stars)
Bourbon Leader: Grover Cleveland and the Democratic Party (1957) by Horace Samuel Merrill REVIEW (2¾ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Grover Cleveland ***
Benjamin Harrison:
The Presidency of Benjamin Harrison (1987) by Homer Socolofsky REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Benjamin Harrison (2005) by Charles Calhoun REVIEW (3½ stars)
Harry J. Sievers’s three-volume series:
Benjamin Harrison: Hoosier Warrior (Vol 1) (1952) REVIEW (4 stars)
Benjamin Harrison: Hoosier Statesman (Vol 2) (1959) REVIEW (4 stars)
Benjamin Harrison: Hoosier President (Vol 3) (1968) REVIEW (3¼ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Benjamin Harrison ***
William McKinley:
William McKinley and His America (1963) by H. Wayne Morgan REVIEW (4 stars)
The President and the Assassin: McKinley, Terror and Empire (2011) by Scott Miller REVIEW (3¾ stars)
In the Days of McKinley (1959) by Margaret Leech REVIEW (3¼ stars)
The Presidency of William McKinley (1980) by Lewis Gould REVIEW (3¼ stars)
 ***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of William McKinley ***
Follow-Up:
President McKinley: Architect of the American Century (2017) by Robert Merry
Theodore Roosevelt:
The River of Doubt: Theodore Roosevelt’s Darkest Journey (2005) by Candice Millard REVIEW (4½ stars)
Power and Responsibility: The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt (1961) by William Harbaugh REVIEW (4 stars)
The Bully Pulpit: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft and the Golden Age of Journalism (2013) by Doris Kearns Goodwin REVIEW (4 stars)
Theodore Roosevelt and the American Political Tradition by Jean Yarbrough (2012) REVIEW (4 stars)
Mornings on Horseback (1981) by David McCullough REVIEW (3¾ stars)
TR: The Last Romantic (1997) by H.W. Brands REVIEW (3¾ stars)
When Trumpets Call: Theodore Roosevelt after the White House (2005) by Patricia O’Toole REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Theodore Roosevelt: A Life (1992) by Nathan Miller REVIEW (3½ stars)
Theodore Roosevelt: A Strenuous Life (2002) by Kathleen Dalton REVIEW (3½ stars)
Theodore Roosevelt: A Biography (1931) by Henry Pringle REVIEW (3 stars)
The Republican Roosevelt (1954) by John Blum REVIEW (not rated)
Edmund Morris’s three-volume series:
The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt (Vol I) (1979) REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Theodore Rex (Vol II) (2001) REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Colonel Roosevelt (Vol III) (2010) REVIEW (4¼ stars)
 ***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Theodore Roosevelt ***
Follow-Up:
I Rose Like a Rocket: The Political Education of Theodore Roosevelt by Paul Gronahl (2004)
William Taft:
The William Howard Taft Presidency (2009) by Lewis Gould REVIEW (3¾ stars)
The Life and Times of William Howard Taft (2 vols) (1939) by Henry Pringle REVIEW (3¼ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of William H. Taft ***
Woodrow Wilson:
Woodrow Wilson: A Biography (1991) by August Heckscher REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Wilson (2013) by A. Scott Berg REVIEW (4 stars)
The Warrior and the Priest: Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt (1983) by John Milton Cooper REVIEW (4 stars)
Woodrow Wilson: A Biography (2009) by John Milton Cooper REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Woodrow Wilson: World Statesman (1987) by Kendrick Clements REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Woodrow Wilson (American Prophet and World Prophet) (1958) by Arthur Walworth REVIEW (3 stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Woodrow Wilson ***
Follow-Up:
Woodrow Wilson: Life and Letters (7 vols) (1927-39) by Ray Stannard Baker
Wilson (5 vols) (1947-65) by Arthur S. Link
The Moralist: Woodrow Wilson and the World He Made (2018) by Patricia O’Toole
Warren Harding:
Warren G. Harding: The American Presidents Series (2004) by John W. Dean REVIEW (3½ stars)
The Harding Era: Warren G. Harding and His Administration (1969) by Robert Murray REVIEW (2¾ stars)
The Shadow of Blooming Grove: Warren G Harding in His Times (1968) by Francis Russell REVIEW (2¾ stars)
The Available Man: The Life Behind the Masks of Warren Gamaliel Harding (1965) by Andrew Sinclair REVIEW (2½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Warren Harding ***
Follow-Up:
Incredible Era: The Life and Times of Warren Gamaliel Harding (1939) by Samuel H. Adams
Calvin Coolidge:
Calvin Coolidge: The Quiet President (1967) by Donald McCoy REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Calvin Coolidge: The Man From Vermont (1939) by Claude M. Fuess REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Coolidge: An American Enigma (1998) by Robert Sobel REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Coolidge (2013) by Amity Shlaes REVIEW (3½ stars)
The Life of Calvin Coolidge (1924) by Horace Green REVIEW (3¼ stars)
The Preparation of Calvin Coolidge (1924) by Robert A. Woods REVIEW (3 stars)
A Puritan in Babylon: The Story of Calvin Coolidge (1938) by William Allen White REVIEW (2¾ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Calvin Coolidge ***
Herbert Hoover:
Herbert Hoover: A Biography (1947) by Eugene Lyons REVIEW (3¾ stars)
The Presidency of Herbert Hoover (1984) by Martin Fausold REVIEW (3½ stars)
Herbert Hoover (2009) by William Leuchtenburg REVIEW (3½ stars)
Herbert Hoover: A Public Life (1979) by David Burner REVIEW (3¼ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Herbert Hoover ***
Follow-Up:
An Uncommon Man: The Triumph of Herbert Hoover” (1984) by Richard Norton Smith
Herbert Hoover in the White House: The Ordeal of the Presidency” (2016) by Charles Rappleye
Herbert Hoover: A Life” (2016) by Glen Jeansonne
Hoover: An Extraordinary Life in Extraordinary Times (2017) by Kenneth Whyte
Six-volume “George Nash” series:
The Life of Herbert Hoover: The Engineer 1874-1914” (Vol 1) (1983) by George Nash
The Life of Herbert Hoover: The Humanitarian, 1914-1917” (Vol 2) (1988) by G. Nash
The Life of Herbert Hoover: Master of Emergencies, 1917-1918” (Vol 3) (1996) by G. Nash
The Life of Herbert Hoover: Imperfect Visionary,1918-1928” (Vol 4) (2011) by K Clements
The Life of Herbert Hoover: Fighting Quaker, 1928-1933” (Vol 5) (2012) by G. Jeansonne
The Life of Herbert Hoover: Keeper of the Torch, 1933-1964” (Vol 6) (2013) by Gary Best
Franklin D. Roosevelt:
FDR (2007) by Jean Edward Smith REVIEW (4½ stars)
Traitor to His Class: The Privileged Life and Radical Presidency of FDR (2008) by H. W. Brands REVIEW (4¼ stars)
No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt (1994) by Doris Kearns Goodwin REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Supreme Power: Franklin Roosevelt vs. The Supreme Court (2010) by Jeff Shesol REVIEW (4 stars)
Nothing to Fear: FDR’s Inner Circle and the 100 Days that Created Modern America (2009) by Adam Cohen REVIEW (3¾ stars)
FDR: Champion of Freedom (2003) by Conrad Black REVIEW (3½ stars)
The Defining Moment: FDR’s Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope (2006) by Jonathan Alter REVIEW (3½ stars)
Eleanor & Franklin (1971) by Joseph Lash REVIEW (3½ stars)
Roosevelt and Hopkins: An Intimate History (1948) by Robert Sherwood REVIEW (3¼ stars)
Franklin D. Roosevelt: Rendezvous with Destiny (1990) by Frank Freidel REVIEW (3¼ stars)
FDR: A Biography (1985) by Ted Morgan REVIEW (3 stars)
The Roosevelts: An American Saga (1994) by Peter Collier REVIEW (3 stars)
James MacGregor Burns’s two-volume series:
Roosevelt: The Lion and the Fox 1882-1940 (Vol 1) (1956) REVIEW (3½ stars)
Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom 1940-1945 (Vol 2) (1970) REVIEW (3½ stars)
Geoffrey Ward’s two-volume series:
Before the Trumpet: Young Franklin Roosevelt 1882-1905 (Vol 1) (1985) REVIEW (4 stars)
A First-Class Temperament: The Emergence of Franklin Roosevelt, 1905-1928 (Vol 2) (1989) REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.’s three-volume series:
The Crisis of the Old Order (1919-1933) (Vol 1) (1957) REVIEW (3 stars)
The Coming of the New Deal (1933-1935) (Vol 2) (1958) REVIEW (3½ stars)
The Politics of Upheaval (1935-1936) (Vol 3) (1960) REVIEW (2½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Franklin D. Roosevelt ***
Follow-Up:
Man of Destiny: FDR and the Making of the American Century” (2015) by Alonzo Hamby
Franklin D. Roosevelt: Road to the New Deal, 1882-1939” (Vol 1) (2015) by Roger Daniels
Franklin D. Roosevelt: The War Years, 1939-1945” (Vol 2) (2016) by Roger Daniels
Kenneth Davis’s 5-volume series on FDR published between 1972 and 2000
The Mantle of Command: FDR at War (1941-42)” (Vol 1) by Nigel Hamilton (2014)
Commander in Chief: FDR’s Battle with Churchill, 1943” (Vol 2) by Nigel Hamilton (2016)
Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Political Life (2017) by Robert Dallek
Harry Truman:
Truman (1992) by David McCullough REVIEW (4½ stars)
Man of the People: A Life of Harry S. Truman (1995) by Alonzo Hamby REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Harry S. Truman: A Life (1994) by Robert Ferrell REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Harry S. Truman (2008) by Robert Dallek REVIEW (3½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Harry Truman ***
Dwight Eisenhower:
Eisenhower in War and Peace (2012) by Jean Edward Smith REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Eisenhower: A Soldier’s Life (2002) by Carlo D’Este REVIEW (4 stars)
Eisenhower: The White House Years (2011) by Jim Newton REVIEW (4 stars)
Ike and Dick: Portrait of a Strange Political Marriage (2013) by Jeffrey Frank REVIEW (4 stars)
Eisenhower: Soldier and President (1990) by Stephen Ambrose REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Ike’s Bluff: President Eisenhower’s Secret Battle to Save the World (2012) by Evan Thomas REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Eisenhower (1999) by Geoffrey Perret REVIEW (3½ stars)
Eisenhower: Portrait of the Hero (1974) by Peter Lyon REVIEW (3 stars)
The Hidden-Hand Presidency: Eisenhower as Leader (2009) by Fred Greenstein REVIEW (not rated)
Stephen Ambrose’s two-volume series:
Eisenhower: Soldier, General of the Army, President-Elect 1890-1952 (Vol 1) (1983) REVIEW (3½ stars)
Eisenhower: The President (Vol 2) (1984) REVIEW (3½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Dwight Eisenhower ***
Follow-Up:
Ike: An American Hero” (2007) by Michael Korda
The Age of Eisenhower (2018) by William Hitchcock
Three Days in January: Dwight Eisenhower’s Final Mission” (2017) by Bret Baier
John F. Kennedy:
The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys (1987) by Doris Kearns Goodwin REVIEW (4½ stars)
An Unfinished Life: JFK 1917-1963 (2003) by Robert Dallek REVIEW (4¼ stars)
President Kennedy: Profile of Power (1993) by Richard Reeves REVIEW (3¾ stars)
JFK: Reckless Youth (1992) by Nigel Hamilton REVIEW (3¾ stars)
John F. Kennedy: A Biography (2005) by Michael O’Brien REVIEW (3½ stars)
Kennedy: The Classic Biography (1965) by Theodore Sorensen REVIEW (3½ stars)
JFK’s Last Hundred Days (2013) by Thurston Clarke REVIEW (3½ stars)
A Thousand Days: JFK in the White House (1965) by Arthur Schlesinger Jr. REVIEW (3 stars)
Jack: A Life Like No Other (2001) by Geoffrey Perret REVIEW (3 stars)
A Question of Character: A Life of John F. Kennedy (1991) by Thomas C. Reeves REVIEW (3 stars)
Herbert Parmet’s two-volume series:
Jack: The Struggles of John F. Kennedy (1980) REVIEW (3½ stars)
JFK: The Presidency of John F. Kennedy (1983) REVIEW (3½ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of John F. Kennedy ***
Follow-Up:
The Dark Side of Camelot (1998) by Seymour Hersch
Lyndon B. Johnson:
Lyndon B. Johnson: Portrait of a President (2004) by Robert Dallek REVIEW (3½ stars)
Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream (1976) by Doris Kearns Goodwin REVIEW (3½ stars)
The Triumph & Tragedy of Lyndon Johnson (1991) by Joseph A. Califano, Jr. REVIEW (3¼ stars)
Robert Dallek’s two-volume series:
Lone Star Rising: Lyndon Johnson and His Times 1908-1960 (1991) REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Flawed Giant: Lyndon Johnson and His Times 1961-1973 (1998) REVIEW (3½ stars)
Robert Caro’s Ongoing Series:
The Path to Power (The Years of Lyndon Johnson, Vol I) (1982) REVIEW (4½ stars)
Means of Ascent (The Years of Lyndon Johnson, Vol II) (1990) REVIEW (4¼ stars)
Master of the Senate (The Years of Lyndon Johnson, Vol III) (2002) REVIEW (4¼ stars)
The Passage of Power (The Years of Lyndon Johnson, Vol IV) (2012) REVIEW (4¾ stars)
***SUMMARY REVIEW: The Best Biographies of Lyndon Johnson ***
Follow-Up:
LBJ: Architect of American Ambition (2006) by Randall Woods
LBJ: A Life (1999) by Irwin Unger
Richard Nixon:
Richard Nixon: The Life (2017) by John Farrell REVIEW (4 stars)
President Nixon: Alone in the White House (2001) by Richard Reeves REVIEW (4 stars)
Richard Milhous Nixon: The Rise of An American Politician (1990) by Roger Morris REVIEW (4 stars)
Richard Nixon: A Life in Full (2007) by Conrad Black REVIEW (3½ stars)
Being Nixon: A Man Divided (2015) by Evan Thomas REVIEW (3½ stars)
One of Us: Richard Nixon and the American Dream (1991) by Tom Wicker REVIEW (3¼ stars)
Richard Nixon and His America (1990) by Herbert Parmet REVIEW (2½ stars)
Nixon Agonistes: The Crisis of the Self-Made Man (1970) by Garry Wills REVIEW (not rated)
Nixonland: The Rise of a President and the Fracturing of America (2008) by Rick Perlstein REVIEW (not rated)
Stephen Ambrose’s three-volume series:
Nixon: The Education of a Politician 1913-1962 (Vol 1) (1987) REVIEW (3¾ stars)
Nixon: The Triumph of a Politician 1962-1972 (Vol 2)
Nixon: Ruin & Recovery 1973-1990 (Vol 3)
Gerald Ford:
Time and Chance: Gerald Ford’s Appointment with History by James Cannon
Gerald R. Ford by Douglas Brinkley
The Presidency of Gerald R. Ford by John Robert Greene
Gerald R. Ford: An Honorable Life by James Cannon
Ambition, Pragmatism, and Party: A Political Biography of Gerald R. Ford by Scott Kaufman
James E. Carter:
The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter’s Quest for Global Peace by Douglas Brinkley
Jimmy Carter: A Comprehensive Biography from Plains to Post-Presidency by Peter Bourne
Ronald Reagan:
When Character Was King: A Story of Ronald Reagan by Peggy Noonan
The Crusader: Ronald Reagan and the Fall of Communism by Paul Kengor
Sleepwalking Through History: America in the Reagan Years by Haynes Johnson
Reagan: The Life by H. W. Brands
Reagan’s Revolution: The Untold Story of the Campaign That Started It All by Craig Shirley
Reagan Rising: The Decisive Years, 1976-1980 by Craig Shirley
Rendezvous with Destiny: Ronald Reagan and the Campaign that Changed America by Craig Shirley
Last Act: The Final Years and Emerging Legacy of Ronald Reagan by Craig Shirley
Lou Cannon’s two-volume series:
Governor Reagan: His Rise to Power by Lou Cannon
President Reagan: The Role of a Lifetime by Lou Cannon
Steven Hayward’s two-volume series:
The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order: 1964-1980 by Steven Hayward
The Age of Reagan: The Conservative Counterrevolution: 1980-1989 by Steven Hayward
George H. W. Bush:
Destiny and Power: The American Odyssey of George Herbert Walker Bush by Jon Meacham
George Bush: Life of a Lone Star Yankee by Herbert Parmet
William J. Clinton:
First in His Class: A Biography of Bill Clinton by David Maraniss
Bill Clinton: New Gilded Age President by Patrick Maney
The Survivor: Bill Clinton in the White House by John Harris
George W. Bush:
Bush by Jean Edward Smith
Days of Fire: Bush and Cheney in the White House by Peter Baker
Barack Obama:
The Bridge: The Life and Rise of Barack Obama by David Remnick
Rising Star: The Making of Barack Obama by David Garrow
Barack Obama: The Story by David Maraniss

Every book I review has been purchased by me. Bestpresidentialbios.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com.mi

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292 thoughts on “***The Best Presidential Biographies***”

  1. Steve, when you get to Nixon, I can recommend Mao – The Unknown Story for related reading. I’m just finishing it. I didn’t know much about China or Mao before starting the book and I was afraid I would be lost in the narrative but I thought the book was written clearly and it moves right along. I thought it was a good read.

  2. This is amazing! I’ve been interested in reading a biography of each president for a while now, and just started to compile my list of possible reads. What an incredible resource your website is! Thank you so much!

    • I’m so glad you found this site! It was almost exactly 5 years ago that I started trying to compile a list of the very best biography of each president so I could read them in order…when I realized that creating such a list was nearly impossible. While I could create that list today (at least from Washington up through LBJ) I’ve really enjoyed comparing and contrasting different authors, different styles and different historical perspectives. Good luck on your own journey and let me know how it goes!

  3. Steve — I notice that you don’t have Edmund Morris’s bio of Reagan on your list — “Dutch.” It would seem essential given the reputation of the author. Any reason why?

    • I originally had “Dutch” on my list but replaced it with Brands’ biography of Reagan after I concluded that the book was likely to prove interesting but certainly controversial and perhaps not terribly biographical. I still plan to read it at some point (it’s sitting on my shelf patiently!) but thought it should probably land on the follow-up list… Have you read it and, if so, what did you think?

      • No, I haven’t read it. I rely on your reviews! 😁 I know it got a lot of attention when it came out, due both to the high profile standing of the author and to his controversial decision to insert himself into the narrative as a way to tell the story. As I understand it, it’s MOSTLY biographical, but apparently Morris had a hard time getting inside Reagan, who was apparently somewhat opaque to him. If I remember correctly, it was supposed to be the “authorized” biography at the time. Maybe you should read it last, after more conventional accounts, and let us know what you think….. 👍🏻

      • I’ll definitely read it at some point and you know I’ll let you know what I think(!) Given what I read about Morris going a little off the rails I was worried that including this as one of my core biographies might taint the pool, so to speak. But it makes the perfect follow-up item-

      • Yeah, my only concern is that your current Reagan pool has a strong pro-Reagan bent. Nothing wrong with that — I am a big Reagan fan myself. But Noonan, Kengor, Shirley, and Hayward will, I fear, be unrelentingly positive. I wonder if Morris, as quirky as he may be, will provide a slight corrective.

      • Max Goldman45 said:

        Once upon a time I read something somewhere that Lou Cannon’s two books are not ideological one way or the other.

      • J.L. Jensen said:

        I have about 60 Reagan titles and have read most of them, and I would say this is a good list. Lou Cannon was very opposed to Reagan during his presidency, and often criticized him when writing for the Washington Post. While Cannon in recent years has come to change many of his original views on Reagan, his “Role of a Lifetime” is certainly a very balanced account with no positive slant towards Reagan, and if anything slants negative (I don’t think he even mentioned Poland as key to Reagan’s presidency, which it certainly was; Morris also doesn’t mention Poland in “Dutch”). H.W. Brands recent “Reagan” is also a very balanced assessment. In my review of that book I gave it 3.5 out of 5, with it losing a full star for its completely overlooking the role of Reagan’s faith throughout his life. Brands first meaningfully addresses it on page 404, whereas it was pivotal beginning in his younger years and then throughout his entire life. Fortunately, you have “God and Ronald Reagan” on this list which will balance that out and illustrate Reagan’s bone deep religious convictions and their consistent, driving influence on his life. Leaving “Dutch” off the list isn’t significant either way. It’s not one I ever have or ever will recommend because of its quirky style and failure to reasonably grasp its subject in ways that others successfully have, such as Lou Cannon. It took Lou several years to finally reasonably grasp Reagan, a feat that Edmund Morris never accomplished (of course, that is just my opinion–to some, perhaps, Morris is the one who fully grasped Reagan!).

  4. Wondering if you will consider including more single volume biographies before you move on to Nixon, that is, to balance out the time spent on the Dallek and Caro multi-volume series?

    You’ve mentioned that the Caro series is quite good but does get a bit turgid here and there, and Kearns provides only a cursory overview of important aspects of LBJ’s life and career….so hoping you will expand the LBJ overview with a couple more titles that you come across.

    • I don’t currently have any other single-vol bios of LBJ in my library so my current plan is to move on to Nixon after I finish Califano’s biography (essentially memoirs of his time serving with LBJ). If you have any suggestions on what I should add to my LBJ follow-up list please do let me know!

      • Happy New Year. I personally believe Randall Woods’s LBJ: Architect of American Ambition would be the best addition to your follow-up list.

        The NYT review: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/20/books/review/20Brinkley.html

      • Looks like an interesting read- I’ll have to see whether it gets here before I finish Califano’s book. If it does then I’ll squeeze it in! If not…it goes onto the follow-up list…

      • My thought would be: how much LBJ can the poor guy take? 🙂 I’d move on if I were you too. The thoroughness of Caro plus the other perspectives you got had to give you a well rounded impression of him.

        A suggestion: I’d love to read a post of your impressions of each president as a person after having read so thoroughly. I know you probably don’t want to talk about your political views so as to keep this site on biographies reaching a wide audience, but rather than their politics comment on their character. Would you trust them, would you enjoy their company, we’re they sincere no matter where their political leanings were, etc.

  5. Craverguy said:

    Nixon, Ford, Carter, Clinton, and Bush 43 have all written memoirs. Do you intend to review those at some point?

    • I would only recommend Nixon’s.

    • For me the presidential memoirs take a back seat to pure biographies. Although I’ll get to them at some point (particularly Nixon’s and Grant’s, off the top of my head) I’m more focused on a third-party perspective of a president’s life rather than the perspective a particular person is hoping to convey about his life.

  6. Russ Robinson said:

    I have just completed “Reagan American Icon” by Iwan Morgan. Good balanced bio of Reagan and his life. Not a white wash or a hatchet job. I would recommend it to anyone interested in Reagan. Whether you admired his Presidency or not, your will come away with something you didn’t know.

    • Thanks, I’ve had that one on my list of books to consider as part of my follow-up reading.

      • J.L. Jensen said:

        I can second Russ’ endorsement. I enjoyed Morgan’s brief, one volume treatment. It was interesting to read a British perspective on Reagan. Reagan is the president I’ve read the most on (approaching 70 books now), and Morgan’s book made it on my list of books I’d actually recommend on him. For as brief as this volume is, it really does a good job encompassing as much as possible given its length.

  7. Eliot Kopp said:

    Hey Steve! With the plethora of Trump books that have come out in the last year or so, have you read any that you would recommend or are you going to wait until you reach #45 to give your reviews?
    Thanks!
    Eliot Kopp

    • It’s hard to believe, but other than the presidential biographies I’m reading as part of this journey I haven’t read any other books since late 2012. I’m definitely going to continue to wait until I finish Obama before reading anything on Trump, and to be honest I may wait awhile to read anything about POTUS #45 in order to allow his legacy to marinate adequately. I have the sneaking suspicion he is going to require more than the average amount of time and distance before he gets a biography that is rigorously grounded and not just sensational – one way or the other.

      • Roger Chambers said:

        I have to agree with your idea that Trump is too close for comfort to get any sort of balanced picture of his “legacy.” It is amazing how perspectives change, so Truman, so often vilified during his second term, required a couple of decades at least to get a fair and realistic assessment on the real impact. Kennedy, for example is largely remembered by photos and books say within a decade of his death when he was considered almost a saint.

        The recent “Fire and Fury” book is far from a credible “biography” but rather a rather blatantly biased view of a clearly dysfunctional administration, largely due to the personality type of the current POTUS. Lincoln, Grant and Nixon all suffered periods of “melancholia” or depression, certainly a trait the current resident of the White House appears not to suffer from at all.

      • w.davis@dinemosaic.com said:

        I commented a couple of years ago that I was filling in the gaps of my knowledge of American history by reading biographies of Presidents that served during less studied times.  I used your reviews to pick the biographies and I thank you for your diligence and keen insight.  Even though I did know much about the times of Washington, I was tempted by your glowing review of Chernow’s “Washington” and read it last November.  I loved it-thank you.  My 8 year old grandson saw it by my chair one day and told me he had been reading about Washington at school and would like to read my book when I was done.  So I wrapped it and gave it to him for Christmas with the inscription that if he would read just one page a day he would be done by the time he was 12.  I bought Chernow’s “Grant” as soon as it was out.  I would recommend a departure from your diligence to complete your current list without going back.  And if you haven’t read Hamilton by Chernow that too is worth a break in the plan.  I felt “Grant” was great but not quite as good as “Washington.”  I am halfway through “Hamilton” and so far it is 5 1/2 stars.  After “Hamilton”  I am going to read one biography of each President during my life time which will start with “Truman” by McCullough.  I will follow your lead but not quite sure what I am going to do when I get to LBJ.Woody Davis

      • It’s so great to get feedback like yours! On a similar note, there is a 8 year-old girl who often sits near me at the pool where my son swims as we wait for practice to finish. I was reading Amity Shlaes’s “Coolidge” a couple years ago and after three evenings seeing me with the same book she started asking me about it – quizzing me about Coolidge, what I liked and didn’t like about his presidency and whether the book was any fun to read. She ended up getting a copy and reading it – stunning her parents (and her teacher) and has recently moved on to a full-size biography of Lincoln.

        I’ve often considered a quick detour to read something recently published on a president I’ve already covered…or to read something related like Chernow’s “Hamilton.” I’ve always resisted but not without some second-guessing. By now I’ve simply committed myself to finishing the 240 books on the presidents I’ve got on my master list and THEN will alternate between “follow-up” books like Chernow’s “Grant” and “related reading” biographies such as “Hamilton” (which happens to be the very first book I’m going to read after I finish with Obama in 12 months!). Others on my short list include Ronald White’s “Grant”, Remini’s “Henry Clay” and Nasaw’s “Joseph P. Kennedy.”

        There is just so so much to read and just never enough time!

  8. Eliot Kopp said:

    Steve,
    I have taken your recommendations at face value and have read the books you have recommended via the star system. Amazingly, you’ve been on target a good 90% of the time. I have disagreed a few times, but I think it is more of a preference for writing style rather than content. I do have one question: Of all the presidents, which one or ones have you read about that was (were) a chore for you because he or they were simply boring? In other words, when you finished one book, you said to yourself, “ugh… I have to finish the list of books about this guy. What a slog.” I’m not referring to a specific book, but all the books about a specific president? Sorry if my question is not clearly laid out.

    • If we’re in the neighborhood of 90% compatible I would consider that pretty good! When I look back at everything I’ve read and compare ratings it’s pretty easy for me to conclude that I might even be better off without a star rating system and just rely on the content of the reviews to convey the full weight of my perspective.

      Thinking back (without thinking *too* hard) I seem to remember Coolidge as rather lackluster, but that’s really just his personality and, perhaps, the relative lack of coverage he has gotten. In almost the same way I think Zachary Taylor might fall into that category – he just never came to life for me.

      More generally, I find that after six or eight bios on a president I really feel the need to move on. When I was about halfway through FDR I remember looking ahead at a stack of books two feet high that remained on my desk and wondered how I would survive (…despite how relatively interesting and eventful his life was).

  9. Hi Steve, I just stumbled onto your site and it’s amazing! For several years, I’ve been wanting to do exactly what you are doing now. Thank you for creating such a comprehensive list of presidential biographies. You just saved a few hours of my life that I would have spent scouring Amazon.

    • I’m delighted you found my site! If/when you uncover hidden treasures I missed, please do let me know…and I’m always interested in knowing how folks are progressing through the presidents and which books they particularly loved. So if you have a chance, always feel free to shoot me an update on where you are and which biographies you’ve really enjoyed!

  10. Jack Copet said:

    I love your reviews and blog. Thank you for giving me some direction on books to consider or to pass on.

  11. Steve, will you be reviewing the latest Carter bio that is being released this coming April 24th?

    • At a minimum I will add it to my Follow-Up list (since I’ve already maxed out at 240 biographies – which is all I can read while still finishing my first pass through the presidents by Presidents’ Day 2019). But I’m seriously considering putting it on my “primary” list and moving something already on that list to the Follow-Up category.

      • I didn’t realize you were capping the project at 240; I noticed that the Carter section has two items so figured you would want to add this one, given its length, breadth and comprehensiveness (based on initial reviews).

      • I started out hoping to read one great biography per president and realized I had no way of ascertaining which “one” I should read for each. So I started collecting what I thought to be the best “few” per president and ended up with about 120 biographies. Once I started reading those (beginning with Washington, of course) I realized there were dozens of potentially great presidential bios I left off my list. So I added those. Pretty quickly, a 2 or 3 year project became a 5 or 6 year project and I finally decided to cap my primary list at a number I thought I could get through by Presidents’ Day 2019 (or after about 6 1/4 years).

        After I finish that group of 240 biographies, I plan to go back and read the best presidential biographies I missed the first time through, the best of the presidential biographies that were published after I finished a particular president, and the best biographies of folks who were historically important but were never president (Alexander Hamilton, Ben Franklin, Tip O’Neill, Sam Houston and Jefferson Davis as just a few examples).

        Based on my follow-up list of presidential biographies and the collection of biographies of other important historical figures, I think I’m booked through about 2030 (when I’ll be in my 60s….)

      • J.L. Jensen said:

        Peter Bourne’s work is extremely biased, so if you were considering adding the upcoming Carter bio to your list, I’d recommend swapping it with that one. They are both written by Carter administration members so there’s that added insight but also that potential bias, although I am hopeful that Eizenstat’s will at least be more objective. I fully expect it to be pro-Carter, but Bourne’s work is not only very pro-Carter, it is also anti-everybody else.

      • That’s quite helpful – thanks. I haven’t done any real research on Carter biographies in quite some time so your insight is appreciated. Now…fingers crossed that Eizenstat’s bio is objective and interesting.

      • J.L. Jensen said:

        Since there’s no good cradle to grave biography on Carter, you may also consider “The Presidency of James Earl Carter, Jr.”. It does focus on his presidency, but it is pretty objective. I know it’s not a standard bio, but given the lack of any, this is a good substitute.

      • J.L. Jensen said:

        Forgot to include the link to the book (or the authors to help locate it). It’s by Burton & Scott Kaufaman.
        https://kansaspress.ku.edu/978-0-7006-1471-4.html

  12. As related reading to Reagan I’d recommend the two vols on Margaret Thatcher by Moore and a good one on Helmut Kohl. As a German I’d recommend the one by Hans-Peter Schwarz, but I don’t think that it’ll be available in English soon enough.

    • Thanks – I’ll look into them. I did take several years of high school German, so maybe Schwarz’s bio won’t be totally inaccessible?!? 🙂

      • Hey Steve, that’s great. Schwarz’s German isn’t a technical one, it’s the everyday language, so I think you should give it a try. Btw your blog is a really great resource and I’m sure I’ll be here often too. In the last days I read Chernow on Washington – what a great read!

  13. Eliot Kopp said:

    Hi Steve,
    Here’s a question sure to impress. . . maybe. Given that a book written in, let’s say, 2017 will have a greater amount of research discovered over a 40 year period than a book published in 1977, shouldn’t the former book, by definition, have a higher rating than the book published 40 years earlier? The reason I’m asking is that you have rated books published in the 1960’s higher than those published within the last few years (Washington is an example.) Surely, continuing research would come up with information not known to the earlier author. Shouldn’t this fact play a part in your rating system?

    • Everything else being equal, I completely agree that a recent biography built upon a broader base of available primary sources should score better than an old book based on now-incomplete information. But it also works the other way around for me (to the extent I can accurately assess things) – a new biography needs to do more than re-tell the same story in a slightly different way. I want a new biography to use newly unearthed documents or find a new way to investigate some aspect of a president or create a different thesis even if supported by old facts. There isn’t always a new treasure trove of documents for the “next” biographer to work off, so if someone feels compelled to write a biography in 2018 on a president from the 1800s, I want there to be a *reason* for the biography beyond the author wanting to stay busy.

      One of the things I worry about with all the new Grant biographies is that I’m going to find it’s the same story told by different authors. Fortunately, two of the biographers whose recent Grant bios I have on my follow-up list are authors whose works I generally love so I won’t really mind the “same story, different voice” issue.

      Having said all that, I’ve never seriously explored whether older or newer books have scored better for the same president. I suspect it will look a bit random because everything is never equal: writing styles, distance from the president and the times, the availability of good sources, etc.

      • Very satisfying answer, Steve. Thanks for taking the time to answer this and several other inquiries I’ve had in the past!
        Warm Regards,
        Eliot

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